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O A H U OK-Line pptx. 07_02.pptx
The HART-BEAT Line
Priority of the HART-BEAT Planners is!
1. Include Kauai or Hawaii Contractors in the Project as much and as far as their expertise allows.
2.We must consider the local labor and the local contractors and their expertise to compete with the general projects executions.
3. Contract specialized firms from other parts of the world to complete what Kauai's and Hawaii's contractors are unable to do, i.e. specific technical applications.
Each contracted firm must keep a quota of local workers as determined by the County of Kauai or the State of Hawaii. Provide workforce training for Kauai or Hawaii residents which lack the expertise needed for the project.
Proposal for Scholarship Fund
One of the primary concerns of HEART - BEAT is the participation on all levels of the construction and the following transport jobs by local people. The economic well-being of Kauai is important and so is the psychological and spiritual wellness of all people. If we contribute our talents for peaceful purposes, then we are sending the citizens of earth a healthy message. Use efforts for technological and high-tech growth for peaceful purposes, where our education and labor will build and not destroy. Economically disadvantaged, dissatisfied and unhappy people in the community are in regression. If people can envisage an environmentally sound and productive growth, then they, most presumably, will be happier and healthier as well. A happy and healthy person will also most likely contribute, thus benefiting a community or even a nation...
We would like to see money set aside for education of Kauai's youth. Allow students to help build the HEART - BEAT for a four-to eight year period as a side education program with possible master degree achievement. The planners of HART-BEAT believe that education is the great equalizer in today's world community. Educating the youth is of the utmost importance. It will preserve a more wholesome interrelationship of the environmental, psychological and spiritual means of life.
HART-BEAT is more than a Railroad
It's not to Late
The ISLAND may need the HEARTBEAT
DO WE HAVE KNOWLAGE - MAY WE USE IT
DO WE HAVE ASSETS - MAY WE SHARE IT
DO WE HAVE CONCERNS - MAY WE IMPLEMENT THEM
- - - -
MAY WE BE GLAD - TO KNOW HOW
MAY WE BE GLAD - TO GIVE
MAY WE BE GLAD - TO HAVE SOLUTIONS
The Rail Line
The HART-BEAT line length is about 52 miles and the elevations are between 20 feet and 430 feet above sea level respectively. The shortest radius in the line is 540 feet, and the steepest incline is 3.32%. The ungoverned head pressure in the irrigation waterlines would be 180 psi. The line is of the double track arrangement to allow traffic in unhindered flows. Expected is to run a train every 20 minutes in each direction from the outlying towns (Kilauea - Kekaha PMR) and every 10 minutes during rush hours from the inner towns (Kapaa - Poipu).
The line also has tunnels, dams, embankments, trench cuts, and bridges. The current design has fourteen tunnels of various lengths the longest one is 10'648 feet. There are embankments and trench cuts (cut and fill) for proper grading and to receive ballast. There are also twenty-one bridges of various lengths involved in the design, culverts with dams cross the rest; the longest bridge is the Anahola "Viaduct" of 3268 feet.
Since the hurricane we had here in Kauai it may not be a bad idea to have tunnels. The tunnels could provide us with a hard shelter in an emergency such as "Iniki". Build out of interior will first aid rooms, sleeping halls, dining area, kitchen, shower, and bathroom, as well as laundry and drying equipment. Rooms built for storage, emergency food, refrigeration and food freezing and communication. The machine room is to house refrigeration machinery, pumps for the water supply and waste disposal, electrical producing machinery, and ventilating and dehumidifying.
The tunnel in Kapaa will by proposal run direct underneath the high school. Erect fenced loading platforms with gates below the school to load and unload students and staff. A responsible adult during loading and unloading would attend the gates and keep order, otherwise the gates stay closed for safety reasons. Included would be a stairway and an elevator with connection to emergency power from the machine room.
The trains at this platform would only stop during the unloading and loading term of students and staff. Setup special communication links between school and rail dispatcher for stop calls.
There would be two sets of trains on the HART-BEAT 52 mile line length (Kilauea - PMR)
The "R Trains" = Regional with service between Kilauea and possibly PMR but to Kekaha for sure. Amenities to please the visitors are in the R-trains with seating sections like first-class and bistro accommodation. The "R" Trains will also have "back-up" power hook-up supplies for traveler laptop computers.
The "S Trains" = Interurban with service between Kapaa and Koloa Mill. This train composition is more like mass transit and meant for the shorter distances only.
Both, the regional and the interurban trains will be using the same track and catenary power provision of the line.
A Hurricane - - -
The Giant Washing Machine
Makani pãhili me wahi lulu
Hurricane with shelter
Despite the disaster of the hurricane, we were fortunate the storm was in the daytime. In the daytime our people could see one another, dive from one corner to the other, kids and cats alike, and hide protectively. Seeing the obstacles and detour them prevented injuries.
If occurred at nighttime, no one could have seen each other or dove to the next protective corner. Injuries would have been far greater and with no available help around.
Should an emergency take place, such as Iniki, we would be ready immediately. Preparation before the storm arrival at the Island will call for the transport of certain goods to the temporary storage shelter. Staffing of the shelter will now begin to receive goods and organize the place for shelter seekers. The staffed personnel will include the island already to engineers, doctors, cooks, helpers.
Economical view points suggest there is not such a great cost to build this if we look at the dollar figure on items which we lost because of the storm. We must consider the location where we are as well, yes in the middle of the Pacific Ocean and to transport goods just overnight will not work. Consider the lessened sufferings to the public and the decrease of spoiled and no longer available food.
Also, the tunnels would also be a shelter for our beautiful and precious rolling stock,, we don't want the trains trashed by a storm with its devastating power.
No one can predict the next instance; changes in global weather patterns are speeding up, please take note:
The Field Day - (Civil Defense)
Open the shelter once a year for public hands on training, civil defense is every ones responsibility. Activate all maneuvers during this time for instructions and demonstrations to the citizenry. Provide special training instructions at the shelter to key and lead personnel to prepare them for emergencies.
Preparations of the public is essential for instances such as hurricanes. Hands on training by all branches of society will reduce confusion during a real emergency, this is good civil defense.
Design hurricane-proof microwave towers with a track and hoisting provision, which would enable us to lower the microwave dish to a shelter during such severe storms as INIKI. Raising the dish after the storm will be simple for reestablished communication. Dropping news paper from airplanes to given areas will help to coordinate communications and instructions. (Pre cell phone era)
Maintenance of the Facility
Keep everything in good order and always ready, start up of machinery and conduct their respective checkups, cleaning and painting when needed. Keep toilets empty to prevent calcium buildups, install a gate or perhaps even a stainless steel flapper valve in the down pipe to prevent small insect and rodent intrusion.
Global warming =
Warmer night's =
Bacterial, Virus and Fungus propagation.
Some, possibly quite harmful.
We also must consider the impact of the fossil fuel burning. Burning the fossil fuels does not only create harmful gases and soot particles, but it also consumes massive amounts of oxygen. The gasses produced during the combustion create the imbalance in the overall ideal atmospheric aura 78% N² - 21% O² and 1% noble gases, also create depletes of the oxygen content. This is noteworthy as we ever consume more and more energy stemmed from the fossil fuels and so we consume oxygen. Now, nature has a way of correcting such conditions, namely to restore the imbalance to the state of balance again. This will in effect create the need of Hurricanes to wash and clean the polluted air back in to the livability again. Return the oxygen content to the full in the global, atmospheric and stratospheric realm to the balanced content again. However, this O² will mostly come from the ocean waters. But we need adequate oxygen content in the surface waters of the oceans to mix the water during upwelling's of oxygen starved waters. Oceans are experiencing strains in this regard, also suffer oxygen depleted areas. Such conditions are deadly for oceanic life.
This pollution emission does also affect the magnetic fields of the earth in the universal field. The massiveness of charged particles in the sooth produces this phenomenon. Acidity will accelerate conduction for heavy lightning and its related storms. Such imbalances will seek to restore the normal equilibrium again, therefore cleaning the biosphere from pollutants with the giant washing machine, the Hurricanes!
Genuine alternative energy sources, such as, solar, wind power, hydropower, geothermal energy and possible biogas would not create the large imbalances.
Can we change, or are we stuck in the fossil fuel burn only syndrome?
More information about climate, click below:
FINANCIAL RELIEFE TO A DISATER AREA
Declared disaster areas need implementation of financial relief on the side of borrowed money; all loans of pre-disaster would qualify. This would be for residents only, excluding new arrivals.
Charge only minimum percentage rates and that for administrative purposes only, remember the destroyed income basis. Duration of the interest relief may be until the area is declared normal again. This would benefit emotional and physical health, and result in increased productivity of the affected population. Medical costs incur because of stress and none functionality.
BRIDGE TRAFFIC - GENERAL TRAFFIC PROTECTION
Outfit bridges with seismic detectors, instrumentation will detect impacts such as ice jams, ships or barges hitting bride parts, an earthquake or floods influencing bridge piers. Instrumentation sensing, relayed to the warning station will in turn cause a train to stop. Damaged bridge approach will call for a physical inspection before a - traffic free - signal will open.
The instrument would not pick up the normal road traffic vibration.
(For Hawaii not needed.)
The signals would travel by the fiber optic line to the computer stations and to the train supervisors and the dispatchers. The dispatcher can then pre-warn the locomotive engineer by radio, radio signals travel by the fiber optic line to the given relay area, information from the "Sniffers" are similar. Example; severe cold spell in a small region may prompt the dispatcher to order; advance at reduced speed to perhaps prevent a derailment because of a snapped rail. Detecting Hawaii's frequent local heavy downpours and warning operators of roadbed wash out and the like. Hope by the planner is decrease of accidents because of above said conditions by using the fiber optic communication lines.
Also, we may install "listeners", to detect possible tampering with the rail (sabotage detection) distinctive difference in sound caused by someone pulling spikes or loosening rail connectors. Computers will analyze the specific frequency change and show warnings for further investigations.
New designed electromagnetic smart boxes installed at the signal sides or at each block detecting overrides. Detected overrides of yellow or red signal will cause the magnetized box to trip the receiving box at the locomotive and launch the braking cycle.
Installed smart boxes are at the outside and correct distance of tracks and so are the elevations. Single-directional tracks will receive two boxes, and two-directional tracks three. Yellow light signal actuation is at the first box and red at the second.
Two-directional tracks; the outside boxes receive energizing by the yellow lights and the center box by the red.
The distances between the boxes need to be uniform and precise, doing this we will also be able to record the train’s speed traversing the signals. The yellow light would produce one tripping and the red light would produce two tripping or clicks (such as a computer mouse click).
The receiving boxes, installed at both sides of the locomotives at the axle trucks are shock and vibration protected by rubber mounts.
Regularly, only the box or boxes on the lead locomotive will be active to receive the signals, such signals will be audible to the locomotive engineer. During a human failure, overriding and activation of the braking is automatic.
Yellow signal override (one click) = mild braking and override of red (tow clicks) = full emergency braking. During adverse weather, heavy snowstorms, thick fog, and other bad weather a locomotive engineer may not be able to see the signals, especially during higher speeds. This should help to prevent accidents because of human errors.
Upgraded alternative safety signal works:
Application of the electromagnetic smart box as originally proposed in HART-BEAT may need to turn to the laser beam interrupter. To explain this further; this means, should a train traverse a red or closed signal, then the laser beam will incite the braking. The laser beam will sever the continuity beam of the normally closed-circuit, or burn a hole in the target in the receiving unit of the locomotive. This application is instantaneous, but may not work because of ice or snow.
Severing the continuity beam, or the hole burning at the locomotive will then automatically introduce the emergency braking at the train. Purpose of laser is to be reactive in the micro second realm, also ideal for the higher speeds of the trains. To address the unfavorable weather we may need raised pedestals and shielding of the sending and the receiving units. Possible is the need for heating units to address overhanging ice or snow conditions, conduction of the laser beam is essential.
Mounting of the laser shooter could be on to the signal posts, raised to the near roof zone of the locomotives. The direction may be in an angle of say 60 degree of the tangent to the track; this will give us a greater range for the signal receptions. Here we may even provide the Locomotives with exchange receiver units and in this case we can quickly exchange the receiver unit for testing or maintenance purposes. Leading units will be the only application for the receivers therefore saving money, application quantum reduction. The major reason for rethinking this solution idea is the time as we run with ever higher speeds - we need to address the window time of the receiving devise.
The electromagnetic box may have a speed limit curve, controversy the laser beam signaling will be faster, say perhaps instantaneous. Therefore defying the electromagnetic, but now heightening the higher speeds sought for the rail traffic by the laser beam signal application and therefore bringing us the wanted advantage to solve the traffic coordination’s.
Possible Station Design
Re-configured Light Rail Shell - Wide Body design = more comfort
Ehia la ka nui o na mile
The Rail Line Distances
PR Kilauea - Anahola 8.00 mi Kilauea - Lihue Airport
PR Anahola - Kealia 3.27 mi via Hanamaulu = 23.52 mi
Anahola House Lots, stop on demand only
PR Kealia - Kapaa North 1.66 mi
Kapaa Schools, stop on demand only
PR Kapaa North - Kapaa Central 0.61 mi
Kapaa Central - Wailua House Lots 2.13 mi
Wailua House Lots - Wailua Kuamoo Rd. .37 mi
Wailua House Lots, stop on demand only
PR Wailua Kuamoo Rd - Wailua Golf 2.00 mi
Wailua Golf - Hanamaulu 2.40 mi
Wailua Golf, stop on demand only
Hanamaulu - Lihue Hospital 1.34 mi
Lihue Hospital - Lihue Airport 1.56 mi
Alt. Route Kilauea - Lihue Airport
Wailua Golf - Lihue Airport 3.31 mi direct route = 21.35 mi
Lihue Airport - Lihue Industrial 0.70 mi Lihue Airport - Kekaha Homes
PR Lihue Industrial - Lihue Central 0.54 mi = 29.43 mi
Lihue Central - Kukui Grove 1.00 mi
PR Kukui Grove - Puhi 1.05 mi
PR Puhi - Koloa Mill 5.79 mi
PR Koloa Mill - Koloa Road 1.50 mi
PR Koloa Road - Numila 6.46mi
PR Numila - Port Allen 1.37 mi
PR Port Allen - Hanapepe 0.68 mi
Hanapepe - Kaumakani 1.89 mi
Kaumakani, stop on demand only
Kaumakani - Pakala Village 2.04 mi
Pakala Village, stop on demand only
Pakala Village - Kapalawai 1.19 mi
Kapalawai, stop on demand only
Kapalawai - Waimea Town 0.96 mi
PR Waimea Town - Waimea Hospital 0.69 mi
PR Waimea Hospital - Kekaha Mill 2.69 mi
PR Kekaha Mill - Kekaha Homes 0.88 mi
Optional Route, this section may be served by Busses all the way to Polihale,
The military may provide its own shuttle system from Kekaha Homes to the Base.
Kekaha Homes - PMR 4.48 mi
Distance in feet 279576
Rail feet required plus yard tracks 1'114000
Catenary Masts required 10000 >< depending on the design,
preferred is the center posting application. The preferred material is stainless steel for
the Kauai application.
Total length from Kilauea to PMR = 54.11 mi or 87063m or 87,063 km
PR = Park and Ride
The lengths, elevations and the locations of the bridges:
S = Straight Approach
C = Curved Approach
Location - Length - Height in feet
#001 Moloaa C 675' 50'
#002 Anahola S 3268' 20'
#003 Kapaa C 300' 20'
#004 Kapaa C 161' 20'
#005 Wailua C 675' 30'
#006 Wailua C 1524' 60' Bridge # 005 and # 006 are dual purpose Bridges,
accommodating light rail and signaled highway traffic. Highway traffic will run over and parallel
with the tracks embedded in to the concrete deck.
#007 Kawailoa Alt. S 485' 20'
#008 Hanamaulu Alt. C 1276' 40'
#009 Hanamaulu C 567' 40'
#010 Hanamaulu S 586' 30'
#011 Lihue C 442' 20'
#012 Kipu C 490' 40'
#013 Lawai S 74' 20'
#014 Lawai S 918' 80'
#015 Kalaheo S 475' 80'
#016 Numila S 445' 60'
#017 Hanapepe a-b S-C 3027' 20'
#018 Kalapuhi C 140' 20'
# 019 Kekupua S 85' 10'
# 020 Waimea S 403' 20'
Total length of Bridge work = 16016' or 4882m or 4,882 km
The location, lengths, elevations, and geology of the tunnels:
K= Koloa Volcanics, S= sedimentary deposits, H= Haupu Lava
#001 Moloaa 4216' 420' to 280' K
#002 Aliomanu 5572' 80' to 20' S
#003 Anahola 3931' 20' to 180' S
#004 Kealia 2171' 100' to 20' S
#005 Kapaa 3600' 20' to 20' S
#006 Wailua Hsl. 2754' 20' to 20' S
#007 Wailua 503' 40' to 60' S
#008 Kawailoa Alt. 1186' 50' to 20' K
#009 Wilcox Hospital 2295' 60' to 50' K
#010 Lihue 10060' 40' to 40' S
#010 Puhi - KCC 10648' 40' to 40' S
#011 Papa 5778' 370' to 400' H
#012 Hanapepe 1088' 20' to 20' S
#013 Waimea 2457" 20' to 20' S
Total lengths of single tub tunnels = 56260' or 17148 m or 17,148 km (2 tubs are required for double tracking of the system)
Amount of projected tunnel excavation material @ 9.58m Ø per tub = 328'555 m³
This excavated material can be used for fill in low laying areas in order to bring the rail line to sufficient height in order to deter tsunami damage. If suitable; some of the material may be used as ballast.
# 014 Hanamaulu Alt. 3414' Trench cut - cover This sections will allow us
# 015 Hanamaulu Alt. 2240' Trench cut - cover to re-vegetate the ground
# 016 Kapalawai 3417' Trench cut - cover after the tunnel construction.
The Stations - Oasis - Underground Stops
Wailua House Lots
Maroon = 10 Stations with shelter, Green = 10 Oasis with minimal amenities, Black = 10 Underground Stops.
The Waimea Canyon Tramway
AERIAL TRAMWAY DIMENSIONS
The tramway will consist of tree sections, maybe five sections. Each line will be a straight run.
SECTION #1: Length: 11,787 feet (3593m) = 2.23mi
Elevation: From 20 feet to 1200 feet (6m to 366m)
Support towers = 3
SECTION #2: Length: 28,881 feet (8803m) =5.47mi
Elevation: From 1200 feet to 3320 feet (366m to 1012m)
This section may have to be split in two in order to reduce length.
Support towers = 8
SECTION #3: Length: 10,682 feet (3256m) = 2.02mi
Elevation: From 3320 feet to 3400 feet (1012m to 1036m)
Support towers = 2
First 3 sections = 51350' or 9.72mi or 15,6 km
SECTION #4: Length: 3556 feet = 0.69mi [optional]
Elevation: From 3400 feet to 3620 feet
Support towers = none, Station to Station direct.
SECTION #5: Length: 8123 feet = 1.53mi [optional]
Elevation: From 3620 feet to 3800 feet
Section # 4 and #5 are optional since we can have bus service from section tower # 3 and or
#4 to Kokee Lodge and the Pua o Kila Lookout. [Kalalau Valley views]
The cable speed will be 1250 to feet to 420 m/s. per minute or 14.1 Miles-per-hour or more.
Gondola capacity = 40 to 60 persons.
Travel time (From Waimea to Kokee): 50 min ><
Daily peak travelers to Koke'e = 300 persons
Annual total = 250'000 persons
Surveys and Core Samples
The above distances of the rail line, the tunnels, the bridges and the geological composition of the line at this point have been surveyed in a preliminary manner only by the author of HART-BEAT.
All expenses for the currant research up to this point have been solely paid for by the author of HART-BEAT.
To Travel on the System
To further encourage the use of HART-BEAT, issue passes with weekly, monthly, quarterly or even yearly confirmation time. Tourists could buy them at points of origin and perhaps have their luggage tagged for the final point of destination, for residents, promote employer-supported pass issuance.
The layout for accessibility should be in such a manner to have curbside drop off for the buses and minibuses.
Provide roofed shelters at the curbside of the rail stations to allow the public to stay dry during rainy weather. Satisfactory parking space for cars should also be available, thus creating satellite parking lots. Lessen the central and concentrated parking demand saving capital investments in costly parking buildings. Use money not spent for expensive parking for better purposes. Outfit parking lots with dual-purpose parking meters, one for regular parking fees the other for charging fees of DC electricity for parked electric cars. Outfit electric cars with an automatic cord recoil; this is to allow the power cord take up to take place by itself should a driver at leaving forget to unplug the cord.
Apply all considerations for handicapped people.
We want train attendants on the running trains to provide information and order on trains, especially for the tourists.
We need a friendly and respectful guide to show our Island, including the ALOHA
We wish to achieve a pleasant experience to all the users of the HART-BEAT, visitor or local residents.
Wish world renowned creation of HART-BEAT for economic gains to our Island of Kauai.
Let us be responsible for our actions, the Island of needed economic driving engine for the future to our generation.
Train attendants would service in the regional trains only.
Seaports and Port Facilities
To control pests of diverse kinds, we may want to build vacuum chambers. Freight or certain freight would be subject to the vacuum, goods exposed for a given time to the vacuum would destroy eggs and pests.