Tracks in to the future for our_2.pptx
HART-BEAT pptx07/HART-BEAT_2007 pptx.pptx
O A H U OK-Line pptx. 07_02.pptx
The HART-BEAT Concept
Idea and responsibilities
HART - BEAT could control where we allow development of an expanding hotel industry, resident homes and not inhibit the expansion. Said growth could occur and keep Kauai's privacy even with more tourists visiting the island. Reduce the road traffic with light-rail will soften the problems such as in Oahu and Maui. Proper planning is essential to save Kauai from negative affects.
Residents would leave their homes in the morning for work, jump on the bus, or a minicar (perhaps electric hybrid cars). Light-rail riding will bring you comfortably to work. The travel time from Hanalei to Lihue would be essentially the same amount of time as it now takes to drive from north Kapaa to Lihue in the morning. The light-rail design allows 70 minutes from Kilauea to Kekaha PMR or conversely. Speed is essential on this light-rail design, it must provide us with a faster way than automobiles, or even long-distance buses. The light-rail needs to be able to flow unobstructed and grade crossing separated, to preserve energy, reduce pollution, as well to achieve the needed speedy transport of the public.
Once Car transport arrives at the saturation point, then, this does unfortunately no longer achieve the goal for effective and the expedient People moving capacity.
No longer can we accept Stop-and-go traffic pattern with waste of fuel. This waste has become unbearable in economical terms. In environmental terms, the air loading is astronomical as well--just calculate the unneeded air displacement (combustion engine) in a stop-and-go traffic pattern!
Each revolution will gulp up air (burn oxygen) and leave exhaust gases for the vicinity. By thinking of this, one can see Kauai coming to the points said above, as are so many places in our great nation. Oxygen depletion will cause nature to replace this loss and cause huge Hurricanes, which will restock the correct gaseous balance in the atmosphere!
The planners of HART-BEAT want a safe, effective and all-weather transport that will span the island.
A well-disciplined network will be a success.
With fewer automobiles on the roadways, there will be less pollution and fewer automobile accidents and less consumption of foreign bought fossil fuels. Lessening roadway traffic will reduce road wear and tear and prolong the road life cycle. Introduce a various zone program with mileage fees for cars and trucks to compensate the shortened gas pump tax.
Transport more People around Kauai using the electrified, domestically produced power and the energy conserving light-rail. Power source is by alternative domestically produced fuel recourses.
National Energy Security
Healthy and Sustaining Global Future
Consider the insurance cost; driving fewer miles with automobiles should lower the rate, this also reflects the savings of funds to society. Insurance premium need to reflect the miles driven per car to be fair for all.
Investing in an HART-BEAT idea makes sense.
Accidents are a cost or loss to the public; never should anyone think that an insurance payment is a benefit.
Light-Rail - Buses - High - Speed Rail, run with discipline will with achieve the wanted results.
Here too we must consider the total impact to the Globe of the World. The Soot fallout is not just damaging the Rivers, Lakes, Peoples health, Plant life, Buildings and so forth but also the Global Ice Fields. The Soot fallout on the Ice Fields will hasten melting of Snow and Ice. This is because of the affect of darkening the Snow and Ice surface. This darkening will allow the higher solar absorption in to the Snow and Ice, therefore hastening melts of the Ice Fields and Glaciers.
In contrast, a clean and white Snow or Ice Field will reject and reflect most of the incoming solar rays. Therefore we must reduce Soot emission as much as possible. Technology does exist to address such problems. You can find solutions by clicking (hamon...)
The light-rail station at the Lihue Airport should have an interior design, which creates fantasy; a design like a spaceport is the fantasy we wish to suggest. This is important to HART-BEAT planners because it will be the visitors' first exposure to the transport and the first impression should be helpful, informative and positive. This display will show the complete rail route map with its sub feeder bus lines. This rout map will also mark the currant positions of any of the transporting Trains and Buses. The computerized GPS search and currant position of any Train or Bus will allow us to do this. Present this visual display of our modern 21st century expanded transport abilities at all stations.
Such a display will create a user-friendly environment. To reduce vandalism, the same transmission fiber optic lines feeding to post information can also relay surveillance video images back to the headquarters from the respective stations or the advanced bus stops.
Let us select the low floor cars. With this shape we will not need the high platforms, a massive construction under tacking. Oasis will not need any sophisticated stations. Disability access considerations are in the railcars and buses.
HART-BEAT is a twenty-first century technology and the Main Station (Lihue Airport) should reflect this advanced idea. The centerpiece of the terminal will have a 42-square-foot relief map model of the island of Kauai built to scale of 1:24000. Presented are mountains, rivers, waterfalls, beaches, hiking trails, roads, towns, light-rail, and the aerial tramway. The Kauai Community Collage at the Library has this map currently on display.
Shown are locations and directions of every train at precise time. A string of small light bulbs embedded in the relief map along the rail lines route will signal the position. The bulbs spacing would be according to one mile or apx. 2-5/8” on the relief map, an exception of the spacing will be at the station and oases location. The activation will be from the computer software, energizing the bulbs. Green bulbs point out the running route and red bulbs the stations. The signals for the activation would stem from GPS or rail-line sensors.
The aerial tramway would be a scale model and would run on the same principles as the light-rail.
Some architectural possibilities for the stations.
CAD drawing, front view. Roof arch will reach over the trains to protect the public from rain. Note platform and the low floor entrance to the railcars, [yellow line] @ the trains.
Side view, brick wall - glass wall windshield. Sitting area against the brick walls on each side of the Bld.
In the area around the centerpiece, a splash of tropical colors in neon lights with plants and skylights. The depot should be full of color, light and space. Video displayed are Tourist attractions and accommodations. Coordinated train arrival and departure announcement on the television screen with audio will be there. Art gallery and museum artifacts will swell the space.
There could be display space set aside for the Kauai Museum and added space for all other museums and art galleries. This is important because it will offer the art of this community an opportunity to publicize their displays, come and see what we Islanders have to offer!
To take part in Kauai's art community is important. Their involvement in all projects undertaken here offer a different and valuable perspective.
Creativity from all will result in a progressive approach to the environment and our place in it.
The light-rail simulation would also run in the engineering and dispatch department. In addition, the engineering department will also be able to survey the maintenance, power management and I hope all the planed other construction.
The construction costs to build the Stations and Oasis could be of an international contribution. A Nation may design and build a specific terminal and then display its national product for advertisement purpose with the intent to show its product in the international realm.
Each willing and entering Nation would have one Station or Oasis to develop and model. This would be in such a manner to design and build by architecture the appointed Station or Oasis.
The engaging nation would then be able to present their current marketing items and therefore have a perhaps-greater exposure of their produced items. This would be a good investment for the respective Nations since the Hawaiian Islands attract visitors from all over the world to vacation and the possibility to learn diversified ideas in the physical shows.
- May the Birds now sing -
- In the Air so clean -
- May we enjoy the Train -
-So perfect the train for our Terrain -
Application of the www Internet will be helpful about communicate with the public.
We will have
RT = Rail Time table
BT = Bus Time Table
SM = System Maps
SE = Systems Educator
SO = Special Occasions
QA = A Question and Answer Box, where The Public can ask Transport related Questions, and then receive answers.
LET’S SAVE - CREATE A WAVE
A GALLON A DAY - CAN GO A LONG WAY
TIME SPENT WISE - MAY PRODUCE TWICE
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TRANSPORT - COMMUNICATION
The pony expresses
A way it was addressed
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The transcontinental railroad
A new probe
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A new mate
We got a poem
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Energy conserving Rail
Get us out of the Oil Jail
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What we can do to further encourage the use of the transport? Annual, monthly, weekly and day passes will help. Issuance of employer paid passes. Include transport tickets in the visitor package. Arrange destination points for luggage. Tag luggage with six letters.
One example would look as follows. From any point of origin and going to the Princeville Hotel in Kauai would get the designator - LHI-PVH - were LHI is Lihue Kauai and PVH is Princeville Hotel. Such solutions would speed up the traveling clientele.
The layout for accessibility should be in such a manner to have curbside drop off for the buses and minibuses. Provide roof at the curbside to allow the public to stay dry during rainy weather. Satellite parking space for cars should be available. Decrease of concentrated parking demand and costly parking buildings. Save capital for other transport applications.
Let us develop a small electric car or wagon, similar to a golf curse cart. This car will have rechargeable batteries. The transfer carts will have roofs and semi enclosures. In addition, all the cars of this sort will be rentals, simply rent a shuttle and you do your errand, then return to any station and check out. Take the rail, and enjoy.
Outfitted parking meters for dual-purpose, first for regular parking fees, second for charging DC electricity. Outfit the electric cars with cord recoil to allow the power cord take. Reduce driver mistake forgetting to unplug the cord. Use domestic gathered energy whenever possible. Encourage energy independence and national security.
Abtera 300 mpg by Steve Fambro
Kauai you can do!
Attendants escort running trains, pass out information and keep security. Offer Hawaiian history and support to interested tourists and travelers. Friendly and respectful acts will show our Island and ALOHA. Continue the economical driving engine for our next generation.
To control pests of diverse kinds, we may want to build vacuum chambers to subject the ocean freight containers as well as certain air line boxes and luggage to the vacuum chamber. Freight or certain freight would be subject to the vacuum to destroy the pests. Goods exposed for a given time to the vacuum would destroy eggs and pests. Reduce foreign species establishment in the Hawaiian Islands with out of pesticides.
The rolling stock would have a regenerative braking (REGENERATIVE BRAKING) This means that @ each time the train stops, the braking cycle will reproduce power which is then inverted, synchronized and fed back into the power grid.
Responsible actions such as the light-rail, photovoltaic, built wetlands projects, and other proposed applications in HART - BEAT are important contributions to the environment of Kauai and the environment of the Earth.
The railcars should be of the low floor design, therefore not needing massive station construction. This will help to reduce overall coast's.
Reducing the overall energy consumption is critical. Earth's fossil fuels have limits, increasingly expensive to produce and transport. Thus the cost will rise to the consumer.
"An over dependency on petroleum hydrocarbons, - especially, none domestic - create "conquering."
"(A form of enslavement)"
To burn fossil fuels does not come at a reasonable cost to the environment either. Pollutants stretch the Earth's ecosystem to the maximum tolerance.
HART - BEAT may well be the means by which Kauai's citizens contribute to Earth's conservation needs. Setting up this would be in the opinions of the planners of HART - BEAT, a step toward a more responsible involvement as residents of Kauai and the planet Earth.
An example for the Residents and Visitors alike.
One may say; "wait a minute, burning fossil fuel to produce electricity is consuming fuel." This is true, but look at the figures. The thermal efficiency of a gasoline engine is in the neighborhood of 28%, the diesel, of 32%, and to convert a Btu. Energy to electrical power by the steam boiler plant is up to up to 42% with waste heath recovery (HRSG) (cogeneration) and increasing up to 58% in combined-cycle (CC). (The best way currently known to extract the btu from a given fuel). Now the loss to convert from electrical power in to mechanical power is 2%, and the transmission loss is roughly 1% for the Kauai distances. This reflects an energy savings of around 15%. Gain will be higher in considering the regenerative braking and the better friction coefficient "steel on steel," versus "rubber tire" on asphalt. Emissions control is good at a professionally run power plant versus privately owed old clunks. The resultant = Lesser smoking stink wagons.
Assign fuel savings to build HART - BEAT and benefit the environment as well.
This is the most important of the whole transit plan.
For added information about light-rail, please click below
None Rail-Bus integrated transit does not work, simply put, if you cannot get to the train or get to your destination from the train, why take the train
Fiber optics technology is a superior communications network with limitless potential.
By installing conduit within the light-rail superstructure would go a long way toward reducing the cost of installation because there would be a main trunk line that would give all the island access to this wonderful new technology. Expertise employs by GTE, Kauai's phone carrier will install the lines.
Adjusted Kapaa-Hanamaulu traffic.
In addition, we may also be able to use fiber optics to control traffic. One-way may be to use a three-lane road, where we alter the traffic flow. For example, two lanes south and one lane north, then conversely, two lanes north and one lane south. To do this we would install traffic signal bridges, about every 1000 feet. Signal #1 will be for the south bound, #2 is the center lane (this is the switching lane), and #3 is for the northbound lane.
The center lane lights have a means to be red and green, and outfitted with arrows. During the switching time, the centerline arrows will direct traffic to the proper lane, and then switch to the full color of red or green respectively. (East west similar.) Also a closed-circuit TV overseeing will survey the traffic and perhaps direct the flow according to demand. (This section is for highways, not railroads.)
Installed "Sniffers," to detect temperature, rainfall, wind speed and wind direction, will send such information to the computer control station.
Here it is advisable that we start underground electrical carriers. Feed electric lines in PVC conduits embedded along the right-of-way of the light-rail line. Hurricane proofing is ever more needed to reduce destruction. Place transformer stations in strategic places.
Effluent water is the by-product of sewage treatment. What these do with the water is to dump the effluents it into the ocean; inject it into deep wells; or recycle it.
Recycle of the effluents must take place. Extract Phosphates and create fertilizer!
The planners of HART - BEAT propose that all wastewater treatment hook-up with the forced effluent main installed in the superstructure. It will then be possible to recycle the treated sewage water and make it available for nonfood agricultural production and for use by golf courses, nurseries, recreation areas, and the vegetation alongside the light-rail lines. As we learn to recycle, we will see the many benefits. Using the effluent water will preserve regular irrigation water, making it available for food production. Food production may become critical in the future. This effluent water could be "Limed" to lower the PH value if so wanted. "Horseradish peroxidase enzyme inoculation may help to treat the effluent and reduce pollutants.
On the leeward side of Kauai there is an overall water shortage. Pump secondary water to this area during off-peak electrical demand hours to a storage such as a pond at a higher elevation. The pond can then become a gravity-fed, water-conserving, drip-irrigation.
Start irrigated reforestation projects, more trees are essential to the Earth's ecosystem. How they serve the environment with oxygen replenishment and to absorb carbon dioxide is common knowledge. With this project, Kauai could contribute to the worldwide effort of reforestation.
When one looks at the greenery of the Garden Island, one might ask, "Why do we need more?" Below you will find a flowchart of the various water, electrical, gas line flow patterns.
Brown = sewage in Blue = potable water Light brown = effluent
Red = electrical power Opaque = communications
Purple = Methane Gas Dark green = regular irrigation water
Light green = areas to absorb the effluent water
The forced main would transport raw sewage to the respective treatment plants. Build storage in certain areas to hold heavy onrush to prevent overloading of the main. Load the treatment plants in a more even manner. Achieve decrease of the possibility of bypassing or dumping raw sewage during an unusually heavy onrush. Incorporated check valves in the forced main to prevent a reverse flow in case of a power failure or other mechanical problems.
A potable water main would be a major distribution artery connected to the superstructure along the light-rail. Preserve water in the main always to supply the various locations of the island.
Pumping water simultaneously to different to parts of the Island with water shortage will help.
In case of a large fire we may then be able to provide enough water flow to the fire Engines
Consider the ease to connect the flow of new wells to the main. Reduce water chlorination by new ways. Alternative treatments are now available such as ozone treatment.
Set up the bicycle lane along the light-rail line, cost increase is therefore slight. For safety we install fencing by hedge or wire mesh between rail and trail. Provide access to rail maintenance crews, and resting places, rest room and drinking water along the line. Provide lockable bicycle stalls and transport spots on rail and bus. Encourage visitors and residents to the healthy outing with bicycles. Enjoy the connectivity, trail, rail and places.
Reduce rail noise with trim hedges. Oleander and hibiscus would work and serve as a windbreak for the cyclists, especially during oncoming trains. Beautify the layout and compliment the name of our island, The Garden Island. Irrigation water would come from the effluent line.
In specific areas the rails would also receive the wire free crumb rubber strip on the rails web, especially in curved parts of the line and in the populated areas. Rubber from recycled tires (crumb rubber) could be the source for such applications. Apply the ground (to a specific size) rubber chips to the rail with adhesive. Rubber chips to the earmarked areas will then work as the acoustic barrier and absorb the noise as the trains pass by.
Such banding with rubber along the rail flange may even lessen producing rail corrugations in the railhead because of absorbing the dynamic wave generation during passing of train wheels.
Design or use hedge trim equipment to run of the right-of-way. Height adjustment will be easy to control from the track elevations fix point.
Weed control will use steam drawn from the steam generator car. Robotic arms, controlled by the operator with hydraulics will point to the invasive and undesired plants. Steam bursts will then cook the weed in spot implicational format.
We need the decrease of chemical applications, preventing the water contaminations along the right-of-way.
The HART - BEAT planners do not believe there are enough trees in the world. No question, but old rooted ways remain in our society.
In 1896, William Graham Summer of Yale wrote in an essay, "It is legitimate to think of nature as a hard mistress against whom we are arguing the struggle for existence." The word of effect here is "against." The view behind this preposition was reflected in our national policy then, and still is 100 years later.
The reality is the physical and chemical condition of the surface of the Earth, of the atmosphere, and of the oceans has been and is actively made fit and comfortable by the presence of life itself. This is in contrast to the conventional wisdom, which held that life adapted to the planetary conditions as it, and they changed their separate ways. We now know that we are one with the planet Earth and must respond to its needs as well as our own individual needs.
Conventional wisdom must change and so must our approach to man's ideas of man with nature; man must conform to these changes,
Man however is reluctant to accept change.
Residents of Kauai can embrace this change in perspective, and Kauai will become a leader in the world toward this change. Reforestation, clean water and water conservation are an outstanding part of this proposal.
Reforestation offers these benefits:
-Soil stabilization, erosion control
-A passive air purification
-Electric, domestic generating fuel
-Replenishing of oxygen aside the seaborne plankton
-Will help in the ground water replenishing
-Introduction of greater self reliance
-Notorious dependency on none domestic oil
-Greater absorption of carbon dioxides
= - SAFER WING -
Carbon calculator http://www.usctcgateway.net/
Water will soak through the soil and mix with ground bacteria and minerals. Natural cleaning is now tacking place as it works its way down to the underground water tables. Recharged groundwater will now feed wells and springs. Rejuvenated water will through capillary action feed the now new ground vegetation.
When you are reading this, you must keep in mind the HART - BEAT proposal varies from conventional wisdom about a ground transport. It is the wish of the HART - BEAT planners to try to incorporate environmental and ecological solutions and have a superior transport. Being such a drastic change from thought, why not continue with this change and allow it to grow? To further preserve forestry products and watersheds we may want launching recycling of used wood products.
Respond to some exhibitors at the Portland Convention Center [green built] in regard of recycling of waste wood…
Recommendation made; I said, we should collect all this waste lumber then chop this material in to chips or wood shavings. Out of this shaving material we would then create press-board panels and use them instead of plywood sheets. Such reprocessed panels or press-wood sheets will not need the new forest such as in the common plywood panels. The builder will simply immerse the wood shavings in to the glue solution and then roll them in to the sheets, as in the papermaking. The excess glue will be squeezed out during the rolling and will then return to the glue tank for absorption of the follow up material.
We can then create 4'x8' and 4'x10' sheets in thicknesses of 1/2" - 3/4" and 1"
Recycle nails and iron straps by rolling the material trough large diameter ribbed rolling drums, then remove by magnets and gravity. Wash out the mud using water from the multi and closed loop settling ponds.
Transporting of recyclable wood waste will be by truck and rail to the recycle mill. Revolving hoper railcars will reduce unloading time at the mill.
The purpose of HART - BEAT is to offer Kauai's residents and tourists an alternative to automobile transport, lessen the emissions, and reduce the noise pollution they cause. Provide the population with an alternative in as many places of Kauai's as possible. Build an aerial tramway in the Waimea Canyon region. Buses may adequately to transport visitors and residents to Kokee State Park, but they pollute, are noisy, and need an acceptable road surface that is expensive to uphold.
Parkland is appointed; now to preserve the pristine and unique beauty of that area we must therefore seek of alternative transport. Preserve the land, native plants, and wildlife with the best means. Conform to objective of minimal impact to the park. Aerial tramways are just such solutions.
Electrically powered, with no emission, low noise and suspended will not frighten wildlife, birds included. Intrusion by men on the plant flora will be low. Views from the gondola traveler will be extraordinary. Filming and photography can be done from the whole canyon area.
Kokee tramway end station will be served by buses to the lookout. Travel time from Waimea to Kokee is about one hour. Mid-stations for gondola transfer are connected to hiking trails. Transport for goods will also be possible.
Tramway examples, please click below:
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