Hydro Power



Tracks in to the future for our_2.pptx

10 Safety

12 Taxation

HART-BEAT pptx07/HART-BEAT_2007 pptx.pptx

14 Poetry

O A H U OK-Line pptx. 07_02.pptx

 05 Agriculture and Community Benefits


Agricultural goods, grown in higher and cooler regions could go via tramway and rail to points of reception, i.e. stores, hotels, restaurants, etc. We could ship the freshest produce from Kokee Farms via Waimea at the north shore within two hours? Yes. This certainly should be a delight for everyone, and in addition, very cost effective!



             FRUIT FLY             

Agriculture would be, preferably, of the Bio-dynamics and sustaining sort of operation. None, to a very minimum, of chemical applications should be needed.

The fruit fly problem should be addressed at the root, and be remedied, or at least held in check.

Fruit Fly trap for the Home user:

Make a trap; place some apple cider vinegar and a roughly mashed fruit in a shallow bowl. Cover tightly with plastic wrap, then poke with a few holes. The fruit flies will be drawn to the mixture through the holes, but won't be able to find their way out.

The diversified Agriculture should be able to grow much of the Island's needs; i.e. Potatoes, Apples, Pears, Plums, Prunes, Cherries, Berries, etc., as well as Oranges and other Citrus Fruits. Also many sorts of Vegetables, Poi included, as well as Soybeans, from which we could produce Soymilk and other soy products, etc., can be fabricated here. All this can be produced on the island and be marketed.


Agricultural land, which is used for real agricultural production, and production of real goods to be marketed, should qualify for the lowest tax rates. Land prices may be frozen or zoned for real agricultural lands and is used for that purpose only and for a very long time range. This should reduce speculation, an unreal price accelerator. Also the low cost of the real land will make above said production feasible. Gentlemen Farms, with no real agricultural output would not classify for the tax breaks.

Education can be set up for people interested in the above said operations. This will provide a good and solid job base for a good many people.


A courier company could be established. The courier personnel would be responsible for the distribution of the commodities.

Uniform, stackable transport baskets could be designed with hinged lids, slots to receive shipping seals, and a pocket for the uniform formatted shipping papers. A three, capital letter sticker would be applied for the respective receiving rail or tramway station. The baskets would be fabricated from recycled plastic.

The courier company would pick up goods from any source; i.e. parts or tools from the outlet or store, bring them to the rail and ship the goods via rail - tramway to the place of destination. At the place of destination, the cosigner, or the courier personnel would receive the goods, and take them to the final point of destination--a hassle-free way to get things relatively rapidly. The courier personnel would only work in their given or assigned territory.

The shopping public could also make use of the shipping baskets. Say one goes shopping and buys goods, groceries, etc. All those things could be placed into the basket, sealed, and provided with the shipping address and special instructions. Then the basket would simply be shipped, to be picked up by the shopper at the point of destination, or to be delivered to the doorstep of the domicile by the Courier Company personnel.

The principal recommendation for this shipping is intermodalism!

 THE Drug Free Farmer 

Oh Children, have you heard of farmer hope?

You know, my Children, farmer hope "isn't" doing any dope!


Early in the morning, he will rise, but not in despise.

To, plow, seed, cultivates, ah and waits.

Oh Children, what will then be - the price?


So Children just go on and read.

No fear, and surely also there is no greed.


Our farmer hope, "isn't" doing any dope!


Oh Children, as he works in his field,

Surely, there also must be a yield.


As he plows, with his toy and joy,

Oh Children, can you now see there is no ploy?


So Children, our farmer hope, will also seed.


Have patience, as you will surely see!


Our farmer hope, "isn't" doing any dope!


Oh Children, as the day went on,

He found a tree with shade.

A while for rest, do you think, he had it made?


The tree was by a pool,

With view of, Mauka - and Makai.

Would you say, thatís really cool.


Oh Children, just read on,

Do not moan or even groan.


Our farmer hope, his hope is not in doing dope!

Oh Children, so, he has plowed his field,

He did seed, my Children, now he is waiting for the yield.


He will cultivate, but still,

He needs to wait!

So Children, itís never all too late.


Oh Children, in all his doings he was honest.

He did work, and he was on it.


Our farmer hope "isn't" doing any dope!


Oh Children, so the time went on,

There was no moan, and any groan.


The time, and then, the harvest.

Oh Children, do you now take this to the test?


So Children, for farmer hope, the harvest is now the price.


Do you think that is - so wise!


Our farmer hope "isn't" doing any dope.


Oh Children, a style of life, with out of strife.

A style of life, with out of dope.

A style of life, with hope.


A vision, and with no division, as you can do.

Just, as Mauka - and Makai.

What is then now your view? Letís say, that I can do.


Oh Children, there is hope, like for farmer hope.

He isn't doing any dope!

Our farmer hope, his hope is not in doing dope!




Let us envision that HART-BEAT is being built. Would it be a feasible option to build just one super mill, a total modern setup? Let us look at that. To begin with, we would have decentralized cane wash stations, more than we currently have one to each mill. Possibly, as many as eleven cane wash stations along the rail line could be set up. The cane wash stations would be of a different design, than the ones currently used. The design would be of a (very large in diameter) circular, modified concrete (for longevity) tank with a cone-shaped bottom. There would be three floors at different elevations inside the tank. The floors would have anti-clogging V-shaped sectional slots, narrow on top and wider on the bottom. The slots would receive SS angle irons for protection against abrasion and chipping. The first and highest floor would be the loading section. The second floor is at mid deck, and the third floor is just at the break by the cone. At the edge from floor one to floor two, and floor two to floor three a rake in a 60-degree sloped configuration would be installed. An adjustable plunger at the bottom and in the very center of the cone would be installed. The plunger would be encased in an appropriately sized tub. The mud and the smaller stones would then exit through the bottom of the cone section. The plunger would automatically open and close to maintain the proper water level. Water would enter through jets on the side of the tank and at each floor elevation. The jettisoning water will then create turbulence, say clockwise. The loaded and dirty cane will then be washed as it moves and tumbles clockwise to the cane carrier. The mud and the stones would drop out, be moved forward from floor to floor by the jettisoning water, and then drop into the cone. Unusually large stones would stay on the first deck and could then be removed by mechanical means. In the cone section the turbulence is somewhat lower, and the mud and stones would then settle and leave the wash tank at the plunger. Intermittent opening bursts of the plunger are required to let the stones out--a timed override of the otherwise automatic water level control would be required. Much of the water would be used over and over again to wash cane. Mud would go to nearby sediment ponds and would not need to be transported long ways to a given mill. Stones can be removed by other means. The sediment ponds would be interconnected as to allow water to flow from #1 to #2 and then to #3. From the last pond the water would be returned to the wash tank. Once a pond fills up the mud could then be excavated and be spread in the nearby fields. At the third deck, the cane carrier would then pick up the washed cane and transport it to the initial chopper mill.

From the chopper mill the now shortened cane would then be loaded into stainless steel, juice-retaining hopper cars. The hopper cars are of the semi-circular revolving type. After the scale house at the mill, the hopper cars would then be dumped in a revolving motion into the receiving bin. Samples would be taken from each car for evaluation of sugar content, fiber content (bagasse, the energy source), and cleanliness (processing residue and non-organic ash). Payments could be made in accordance. The designed-for-mobility cane carrier, plunger assembly, and the chopper mill would go from cane wash tank to cane wash tank, or always to the nearest harvest side. Uniform spare units could be available as well. Pumps for the washing operations would stay. The cane trucks would only be on short-haul assignments, and would basically be field trucks. Long hauls with cane trucks on bumpy, curving roads, loaded with cane and mud are expensive, both in time and fuel consumption. Highway cleaning of dropped cane and muddying of the roadways is eliminated. Fewer trucks in the fleet would be needed as well. To power the cane wash operations is no problem since the source can come directly from the rail line anyway.

The Mill Generators

The super mill could be outfitted with as many as four turbine units and two boilers; one of the boilers of course would be the incinerator unit. Three turbine units would generate the base load, and the fourth unit is for unusually high demand and/or the backup unit during overhauls. (We can reuse the current units in a consolidated location). A two-boiler system should not leave us powerless during upcoming maintenance.

The Cane Bin

The receiving cane bin hopper would be of a large V-shaped design built with modified concrete for long-lasting life. The concrete bin would then be (papered) with stainless steel. The capacity should be large enough to hold chopped cane for about four hours of normal mill grinding. This is to allow for times when no cane would arrive at the mill, for example during the morning and the evening rush hour. Harvesting operations at the cane wash can proceed any time, since chopped cane will be loaded into the hopper cars. From the bin, the cane would then go to be processed in the ordinary fashion. Juice from the bottom of the bin would go directly to the screen. Losses in transit would be minimal.

The Mill Itself

The mill itself should be designed to the best knowledge currently available, for durability and energy-conserving efficiency. Consideration to recycling of whatever is recyclable should be included. For example, such materials as steel, lubrication oils, etc. Certain sugar products (from washing operations) could go for cattle feed here on the island. Environmental considerations should also be taken into account. They have benefits. For instance, to reduce smell from processing, the vapors from the evaporators could be ducted to the furnace intake air system. The generated cfm of vapor is modest. The very small amount of sugar residue would burn up. Likewise dust from the bagasse house, bagasse conveyor system etc., could be sucked up and ducted to the furnace. Just for a visual purpose, this now becoming combustion air displacement would be about 1000 cfm. The bagasse house building may be held very slightly negative in air pressure; this will then not allow dust to escape into the neighborhood. This dust-carrying air would not go through the heat exchanger because of a clogging problem, thus reducing dust, and dust settlement in the vicinity, which will gain longer lifetimes for buildings. Settled dust retains moisture from rain, and therefore accelerates corrosion on the steel and rot on wood. Dry dust can also be a fire hazard. Waste heat could be used for air conditioning and preheating of the juice. "Trash"--we got the place--the incinerator. By combining the mill and the incinerator, no duplication of the precipitator, scrubber or other smoke gas filtering system is needed. An adequately designed stack, both in diameter and in sufficient elevation, can be afforded. By not duplicating, a lesser capital investment is required....

Trash - Rubbish-Burning Alternative

Pre-sorted and pre-prepared trash may be burned at a specific sugar mill. The mill boilers may require some modifications. The sludge kiln can be installed in the end stream of the (hot gas) side. This will save a large capital investment to the island, and the assigned mill may be compensated for the public service rendered.

Maintenance Facilities

The maintenance facilities could also be of the very modern type. A clean, well-illuminated facility, stocked with good and modern machining equipment should be both safe to work in and productive in accomplishments of the workforce. The consolidation of the mills would reduce duplications of equipment. Warehouse operation in one location would be beneficial as well, both for delivery of goods, and the availability of needed items. With a setup as said above, the rolling stock could also be served.

"An island and its people, doing what it can do."

The Transportation of Cane on Rail

The overall cost to transport the chopped cane should be cost effective, since the grade of the line has minimal inclines. The curves are large in radius and few in numbers. In addition, we also have the same concept for locomotion of the rail cars as we have with the people mover, also regenerative braking. The fuel costs should also be lower, since the mill would be able to supply the environmentally clean electric power to move the cane.

"In-house economics."

The Produced Sugar and the Molasses

The pre-refined sugar and molasses could also be shipped via rail to the Kaua'i sugar storage building. This would take place during off-peak times. A spur would be needed. The cars would be of the same design as the cane cars, but sliding covers would be added. Molasses could go via tank cars. The same scale house would weigh the sugar and the molasses, again, no duplication of equipment. Computerized tracking and accounting in all phases is therefore possible. One trip can haul tons of the harvested products. No public roads with high maintenance costs are needed. Is this approach competitive?

Final option:

The super mill could even process the sugar in its final stage. The fully refined product can then be shipped eastbound, in the otherwise "shipped empty" containers. The product can then be shipped direct to the wholesaler or large customer. The sugar boat will no longer be needed. Trip and fuel savings are accomplished. Think! now about Kauai and real jobs for the island residents--taxpayers.



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Once upon a time, there were two farmers. They both had a harvest and got paid.

The first farmer came home. He then invested the earnings to build a better barn; he improved the machine shed, he put money into civil engineering projects, and he had money left over that he used for restoration. He also made plans, and showed them to the people. Many were even helpful, and they were glad.

Now the livestock had better housing and all the animals were healthy. The farm operators were happy. The machine shed was warm in the winterís cold and the machinery was overhauled and readied for the next season. The civil engineering helped to reduce erosion and contain runoffs. The bridge and the roadway were well maintained. For restoration, he re-established some wetlands and he replanted trees.

His plans did solve trouble and brought live asunder. The folks did not suffer to pay for the plunder and were glad.

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The second farmer came home. He then went to town; far off he went, to show off.

The barn was in disrepair, and the cattle did shiver.-, the operators where grumpy. The machine shed was cold and the machinery was old. On the land there was erosion, topsoil went, well, down the creek and into the stream. Run-off created pollution--which was not a solution. The bridge nearly broke, and on the roadway things got stuck. And on the side of restoration, there was no recreation. Then he needed to seed more oats, and from the woods, he cut more lumber to pay for a plunder.

He too made plans, but he hid them, and only turned on the fan. The folks could not help, and they were sad.